Giza Cotton – The Finest Cotton In Market

Cottons are highly used in the textile industry . There are various grades of cotton classified on Different grounds. One such type of cotton is the ” Giza Cotton” .

Giza cotton

These Cottons are famous for their special texture and quality they possess. It has got a special place in the textile industry for being high grade quality.

What is Giza cotton?

These are Egyptian Cotton of very fine quality. The quality is determined on the basis of their Thickness, Strength and Uniformity Index. The finest is Giza 45 with uniformity index of 88.5 making it the Finest grade of Cotton in the world.

One important characteristics of these cottons are that there are very few irregularities in their texture. This enables to produce smooth and silky fabrics giving a premium look and appearance.

Giza Cotton Fibers are exceptionally good at retaining deep dyes. This special quality allows the manufacturers to bring out a wide variety of Colors. Even after continuous washing they do not lose their Vibrancy.

Giza cotton

Types of Giza Cotton

Depending on variations in the length , strength and diameter there are 6 different grades of cotton namely : Giza 45, Giza 86, Giza 87, Giza 88 ,Giza 89, Giza 90.

The numbers which we are seeing defines the year in which they were first hybridised. Using this as their names for classification we have got these 6 grades of cotton.

Moreover, these six grades of Cotton are broadly divided into two Categories :

Long Staple Fibres

This group of Fibre has the specifications of having Length greater than 33 mm and the diameter range from 4.3 to 4.9 micronaire. This includes Giza 86, Giza 89 and Giza 90. They are very high quality cotton, even better than the very well known Cotton of American brand known as “Supima” Cotton.

Micronaire is defined as the measure of the air permeability of the compressed Fiber which is generally used for defining the fine quality and maturity of the Fiber.

Extra Long Staple Fibres

This includes the remaining three i.e Giza 87, Giza 45, and Giza Giza 88. To be considered very high quality grade of cotton it must have very high Uniformity Index and very less diameter. From this group Giza 45 is the best of them with very high Uniformity Index of 88.5.

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What is Giza 45 ?

It is an Egyptian Cotton known to be the best quality cotton in the world. It has a unique Uniformity Index of 88.5, fineness of  2.95 micronaire and it belongs to the Extra Long Staple Fibres Category ( other Grades are Giza 87 & Giza 88 ). Being of very high Uniformity it produces a high quality fiber with minimal irregularities . The fibres so produced are smooth as silk , strong and durable.

Giza cotton

Why Giza 45 is the Best ?

There is no any doubt that Giza 45 is the finest cotton in the world. There are various factors whose combination has made this cotton so special .

Other special qualities that makes it a perfect choice for the textile industry are :


It has an average breaking Resistance of 44.3 g/tex which is very high and adds up to its high quality. Inspite of having so much fineness in its diameter it is able to produce such a strong fabric for weaving.


It is cultivated with great care and attention because of which it is very clean as compared to other Grades. Having natural cleanliness has certain benefits. First benefit Is that it will require very less brushing so the natural structures are not disturbed. The second benefit is less use of chemicals which are used to make a cotton white.

Manual Harvesting

Giza 45 being a unique grade of cotton, it is generally harvested by hand taking care of not to damage them. Though this manual harvesting adds up to the cost, but that is what adds up to its fine quality.


The maturity of the cotton is carefully selected while being hand harvested. It is another reason the Egyptians prefer to harvest by hand, so they can visually analyse the maturity of the cotton before picking it. A more mature cotton produces the longer staple fibres with the greatest strength.

Manual Combing

There are certain irregular particles from the harvested cotton. These are eliminated manually by hand combing. This method is known as Farfara method in Egypt.

Where is Giza Cotton Grown ?

Giza 45 is grown in Egypt, along the area covered by Nile Delta. This specific area has perfect climatic conditions and a suitable environment to cultivate this high quality cotton. A high humid area adds up to the proper growth of Giza Cotton. As the area is in the proximity of Nile river, there is no problem of irrigation and a proper moisture is maintained in the soil. This moisturized soil with other conditions produce the best grade of Cotton.

Giza cotton fields

Is Giza cotton grown in the US ?

As stated above, The Giza cottons are the Egyptian Cotton Grown and harvested in Egypt. There are various grades of cotton – Giza 45 being the finest of them and in the market as well. So Giza cotton are not grown in the US.

However, there is another variant of cotton which is known as “Pima cotton”, which is produced in US. It is named Pima after the Pima Indians who assisted in raising the cotton on experimental Farms.

Does Giza cotton wrinkle ?

The Egyptian Cotton which are 100% pure do not have any synthetic materials or any polyester combination which makes them very soft and of high strength. But it do get wrinkles. However with increasing time and continuous use , it becomes softer and the wrinkles strength decrease.

What is best cotton in the world ?

Giza 45 is the Best cotton in the world, belonging to extra long Staple Fibres, with very fine diameter and at the same time with very high strength and minimal irregularities, they are best cotton in the world.

Is Giza cotton the same as Egyptian cotton ?

Yes, Giza cotton are known bas Egyptian Cotton which are considered to be of very high quality. Giza is unique because of it’s special texture and quality it possess and is cultivated close to River Nile.

Where is the best cotton in the world grown ?

The best cotton in the world, the Egyptian Cotton, Giza 45 , one of the 6 grades of Giza Cotton is grown in Egypt in the proximity of Nile river which provides right atmosphere for its growth.

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