Gudi Padwa is a springtime festival that marks the traditional new year for Marathi and Konkani Hindus. It is observed on the first day of the Chaitra month to mark the beginning of the New Year according to the lunisolar Hindu calendar in and around Maharashtra and Goa.
Gudi Padwa Meaning
“Gudi” represents the Victory flag that is raised at heights on the houses. “Padwa” or padavo is derived from the Sanskrit word “Pratipada“, which refers to the first day of a lunar fortnight.
The festival is marked by colourful floor decorations known as rangoli, a special Gudhi flag (garlanded with flowers, mango, and neem leaves and topped with an upturned silver or copper vessel), street processions, dancing, and festive foods.
“Marathi New Year Celebration” is also celebrated as “Gudi Padwa”.
This year Gudi Padwa 2021 will be celebrated on 13th April, 2021 (Tuesday).
Gudi Padwa Date – Tuesday, 13th April 2021
Pratipada Tithi Begins – 08:00 AM on 12th April 2021
Pratipada Tithi Ends – 10:16 AM on 13th April 2021
Top 10 Interesting Facts About Gudi Padwa
Lets discuss some interesting facts about Gudi Padwa
1. Gudi Padwa is 1st Day of Hindu Year
Gudi Padwa Festival is observed on the first day of the Chaitra month to mark the beginning of the New Year according to the lunisolar Hindu calendar. It’s the start of the New year according to the Hindu Calendar.
2. Changeover of Two Agricultural Seasons
India is known as an agricultural country with horticulture being the principal occupation. Crops are significant part of Indian festivals. Gudi Padwa is also known as a harvest festival. It signifies the transition of one season over the other. Mangoes starts flooding in the market and the Rabi crops are harvested.
3. Marks the Start of Spring Season
In accordance with the Hindu Calendar, on this day the Sun is vertically above the point of Intersection of equator and the meridians. This marks the beginning of Spring Season or the Vasant Ritu.
4. Return of Lord Rama
Mythologically, this day is also celebrated for the Victory of Lord Rama over the wicked Ravana and his return to Ayodhya.
Another mythological reason considered is that on this day Hindu God Brahma created the Time and Universe.
In some part of rural Maharashtra, this festival is associated with Lord Shiva’s dance. They carry the Gudi Kavads collectively to Shiv Mandir.
5. Started By Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
The great Maratha warrior, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was the one who started to celebrate Gudi Padwa after his Victory. This convention soon became very popular and has made it a special occasion for every Marathi family.
6. Celebrated at Different Places
Gudi Padwa is predominantly celebrated in the State of Maharashtra, but it has significance across other parts of the Nation. It is celebrated by Sindhi community as New year and emergence of Lord Jhulelaal. Also celebrated in North-East province of Manipur. It is celebrated in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka also.
7. Gudi Padwa Special Dishes
On this day Maharashtrian prepare traditional dishes like Shrikhand, Puri and Puran Poli. In Andhra Pradesh, on the occasion of Ugadi, a combination of six ingredients each of which symbolises an emotion is prepared. This consist of neem buds/ flowers (sadness), jaggery (happiness), green chilli (anger), salt (fear), tamarind (disgust) and unripe mango (surprise).
The Konkanis prepare Kanangachi Kheer consisting of sweet potato, coconut drain, jaggery and rice. Additionally, a stuffed paratha-type dish is made (much like Puran Poli), called Obbattu or Holige in Karnataka and Bobbattu in Andhra Pradesh. A dish similar to roti, stuffed with a paste of gram and jaggery. It is consumed with ghee or milk or even coconut milk.
8. Known by Various Names
As Gudi Padwa is celebrated in different parts of the country, it has got different names as well. Sindhi community call it as “Cheti Chand“. In Andhra Pradesh it is known as “Ugadi“, in Karnataka it is known as “Yugadi“. It is also celebrated as Navreh by Kashmiri pandits and Sajibu Nongma Panba Cheiraoba in North-East province of Manipur. It is also known as Samvatsar Padvo.
9. Preparation & Decoration of Gudi
The numerous Gudi (or Gudhi) arrangements at each household are a notable sight during Gudhi Padwa. It’s a brightly coloured silk scarf-like cloth tied around the top of a long bamboo. On top of it, one or more boughs of neem and mango leaves, as well as a flower garland, are attached.
This arrangement is topped with a silver, bronze, or copper pot (handi or kalash) that represents victory or accomplishment. The entire setup is hoisted outside each home, usually to the right, or through a window or terrace clearly visible to everyone.
10. Auspicious & Holy day for Shopping
Gudi Padwa Muhurat is one of the most auspicious Muhurat from the three and half auspicious Muhurat (Saade- Teen Muhurat) when people can perform rituals or functions such as marriage, grahpravesh or start a new venture or construction. It is considered good fortune to Buy gold, new vehicle or anything new on this day.
Gudi Padwa Celebration
As the festival marks the welcoming of a fresh New Year, people clean their houses and courtyards. Customary oil bath is an essential part to be carried out. Rangolis of different colours and patterns are made for decorations. People wear new clothes on this day.
Hoisting a Gudi is the most important part of this festival where people make a human pyramid to reach the Gudi at height and break the coconut that is inside it.
Traditional dishes are prepared like Shrikhand, Puri & Pooran Poli and people also consumeNeem eaten either raw or in form of Chutney.